Climate change refers to the interference of the atmosphere that is influenced by human activities both directly and indirectly. This results in alteration of the natural climate, and the atmosphere for a certain period of time. It has resulted in shift of weather patterns globally. Different scientists have discovered in their research studies that changes in climate are to a great extent influenced by human activities and, hence, an increase in the concentration of the Nobel gases. This results in the formation of ozone layer in the atmosphere (Berger 500).
Before 1750, the main green house gases were approximately 280 parts per million, but this have now risen to 386ppm, the trend is still rising at a rate of 2-3ppm annually resulting in an increase in the global temperatures record in history. There are other researchers who claim that climate change is influenced by natural occurrences. Average increase in Earth’s temperatures is complex to be enlightened by natural sources. The activities of the sun may cause different changes to the climate.
However, some activities such as volcanic activities, among other natural events, are also used by scientists to explain the temperature changes all over the world. Green house gases also contribute to a great extent in temperature changes. Greenhouse gases are as a result of human activities such as fossil fuel burning, deforestation, and constructions and modification of wet lands.
Media plays a significant role on public opinion regarding climate change, as it referees the scientific opinion of climate change to the audience. The media helps to shed more light on policies on climate change, cause and damaging effects on the society or the Globe.
Media has a role in shaping public understanding and debates on climate change risks. It is an informative tool of the long-term insignificance of change in climate. Also, it creates space for dialogue and inner elaboration to the general public on climate change science and policies discussed and agreed globally by the world leaders in climate conferences. Media as an organization has been in the fore front in championing for activities that reduce global destruction as a result of human error, which can be reversed.
Over a third of the world is ignorant of global warming which is a climate change effect, with developing counties leading the flock of unawareness in comparison to developed countries. The majority of Africans has a low perception on climate change which is a risk and they do not know the effects like flooding and persistent droughts are as a result of change in climate. This variation poses a challenge to policy makers in international conferences making an accord or response difficult.
Public opinion has an impact on climate change because the government needs willing public electorates and or citizens to implement policies that address the issues on climate. This could be a task when public is not aware of the subject matter to extent they may resist or oppose climate change policies. Therefore, sensitization on global warming and its effects should be apriority of the government so as a have a standing and a logic opinion from the government.
As a part of regulatory aspect, the United Nations formed a convention on climate change in 1992. This aimed at helping the country to reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This was to help in prevention of the interferences anthropogenic with the climate. As a measure, if the Earth’s green house gases are to be evened out, human activities that result in emissions of these gases must be rescued or completely eliminated (Vavrus 566).
Global climate negotiations by International leaders meeting are held annually to agree the mechanism to curb sources of climate change. Developed countries are therefore able to reduce emissions through funded activities. Such activities include plantation of trees to restore the destroyed forest cover, vegetation, crop, and land management. Also as a policy, government had a declaration that all wet lands should be conserved to avoid construction which has been illegalized on such pieces of land.
Climate change has an adverse effect on the economy of the globe. Globally, it has been stated that as a result of unpredictable changes in climate, areas suitable for agriculture and food production experience reduction in their productivity due to decline in the length of growing seasons and shifts in weather patterns. Fight against poverty and disease has been hindered in mostly Sub-Saharan Africa countries where droughts and floods have been frequent resulting to water scarcity, health complications such as malnutrition and death.
In addition, as a result of climate change, domestic and international conflicts have erupted in the fight of vast natural resources like water and pastures. International conflicts occur between the countries that are implementing resolutions to curb climate distortions with those that continue to hamper the process by continuing with green house gas emissions without protective measures. Also, conflicts occur in countries where natural resources like lakes and rivers are shared. In conclusion, global warming has led to the reduction of natural resources which acted as sceneries to tourist. The iceberg falling has resulted in rising sea levels which have reduced fishing activities and tourist attractions (Hoozemas 86).
The opinion of the group is for the government to enhance stiff implementation of procedures that ensure effective reduction in green house gases and to illegalize activities that result to global warming. The possible solutions are to encourage and fund movements like green belt which are involved in environmental rehabilitations of the climate. Individual responsibility should be maintained whereby everybody should protect and conserve his environment.
Berger, Clark. Reflections on a Century of Exploration. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2009. 519. Print.
Hoozemas, Bill. Global Environmental Change, 1999, 69-87. Print.
Vavrus, Michael. Climate Change. London: Oxford University Press, 1992. 566. Print.