Databases for Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing

Google scholar is considered an effective way the search for academic journal articles. To find publications on any topic necessary for writing a scientific work, scientists often turn to Google Scholar for help (Gusenbauer, 2019). This search platform contains useful material from peer-reviewed journals, books, monographs, and other research papers. The resource’s functionality resembles other popular search engines, as it makes it possible to find and cite publications, and calculate scientific data of the author, and publication. At the same time, it has its own distinctive features and advantages.

Despite the significant advantages of the service, Google Scholar is not without its drawbacks. The most critical of them is the insufficient coverage of some publications that refused to submit their journals for indexing. In addition, the database contains a significant number of pseudoscientific publications. This is due to the desire of the platform to index the works of various profiles as fully as possible. However, this did not improve the qualitative characteristics of the set of materials since when searching for the necessary information, one can waste a lot of time studying works that are not of scientific value.

Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) Complete Database enables an effective search for literature in nursing and medicine. It is the most comprehensive resource specifically created for healthcare professionals in the field of patient care (Hopia & Heikkilä, 2020). With CINAHL Complete, users can quickly and easily access leading evidence-based medicine journals as well as field-proven, accurate patient care instructions, quick lessons, and more. CINAHL Complete’s content covers over 50 specialties in nursing, speech pathology, nutrition, general health, and more. CINAHL Complete is compatible with online point-of-care databases, including the Nursing Reference Center (NRC) and other resources. Nursing Reference Center users can search CINAHL Complete content through the NRC interface and retrieve results from two resources simultaneously (separate NRC subscription required).

Today, there are circumstances that create difficulties in the development of evidence-based nursing practice. First, nurses often lack the knowledge and skills to actively use information from medical sources available on the Internet. Secondly, it is necessary to resolve organizational issues related to the access of nurses to electronic medical resources (Harper et al., 2017). It is advisable to create resource centers for evidence-based nursing practice in different regions of the country. A possible solution to addressing the problem of knowledge and skills of the nurses is related to the educational program of nursing schools. Evidence-based nursing practice should be a significant part of every educational institution preparing qualified nurses. Courses, which will give potential nurses the skills to obtain required information from scientific databases available on the Internet, must be added to the curriculum of the program. In addition, separate databases for the nurses with user-friendly interfaces could help nurses more actively access electronic medical resources.

These difficulties bring to mind that the development of evidence-based nursing has historically followed the path of overcoming external barriers. For example, F. Nightingale fought with British officials to ensure that the performance of doctors and nurses was assessed through the collection and analysis of statistical information (Peres et al., 2021). However, it should be emphasized that in nursing at the present stage, significant progress has already been made towards the goal of organizing the professional activities of nurses based on the results of scientific research. The development of evidence-based nursing practice will continue along this path.


Gusenbauer, M. (2019). Google Scholar to overshadow them all? Comparing the sizes of 12 academic search engines and bibliographic databases. Scientometrics, 118(1), 177-214.

Harper, M. G., Gallagher-Ford, L., Warren, J. I., Troseth, M., Sinnott, L. T., & Thomas, B. K. (2017). Evidence-based practice and US healthcare outcomes: Findings from a national survey with nursing professional development practitioners. Journal for Nurses in Professional Development, 33(4), 170-179.

Hopia, H., & Heikkilä, J. (2020). Nursing research priorities based on CINAHL database: A scoping review. Nursing Open, 7(2), 483-494.

Peres, M. A. D. A., Aperibense, P. G. G. D. S., Dios-Aguado, M. D. L. M. D., Gómez-Cantarino, S., & Queirós, P. J. P. (2021). The Florence Nightingale’s nursing theoretical model: a transmission of knowledge. Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem, 42.

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