The Management of Type-2 Diabetes: Informatics, Applications, and Methodologies


Diabetes is a condition that comes in different forms. The first is type one. It is characterized by lack of insulin. Type two, which was the main focus of this paper, occurs due to insulin resistance. The body’s demand for glucose overpowers the insulin produced. The development results in resistance to insulin. Diabetes is one of the world’s most common diseases. It is mostly detected in its late stages. As such, the patient is only left with the option of medical treatment. In some instances, close monitoring at the early stages helps to manage the condition.


Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by adopting proper lifestyle habits. Other methods used may include glucose monitoring. Drugs are also used to optimize insulin delivery. There is also bioinformatics and system level monitoring. Another strategy includes the implantable devices used to manipulate glucose levels. There are also wearable devices that support lifestyle changes (Kukafka, & Yasnoff, 2007). Education and motivation is also important when dealing with patients suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Informatics in healthcare revolves around the study of information and methods needed to provide care during the recovery process (, 2014). It may involve telemedicine technology. With regards to type-2 diabetes, the intervention includes self-monitoring systems with regards to levels of glucose and blood pressure. It also involves video conferencing and exchange of messages. Home readings are reflected in the clinical reports of the patient. As such, it is easier to monitor.

A number of informatics systems have been developed in the context of diabetes (Shapiro, Mustashani, Hripcsak, Soulakis & Kuperman, 2011). They are used as applications and methodologies to monitor type-2 diabetes. However, proper monitoring cannot take place without the consent of the patient. Consumer health informatics systems are developed to cater for the needs of the users (North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, 2015). The healthcare strategy conveys data about desired patient trends.

Informatics enhances compliance with recommended care standards. It also expands knowledge regarding how the disease progresses (Kondratas, 2012). Effective learning is achieved by encouraging the patient to join a chat group. The patients share their problems and motivate each other (Noble, Panesar & Pronovost, 2011). Self-checks are also recommended to monitor progress. Adoption of these interventions is determined by the ability of the patients to use them effectively (Fairchild, 2003). Effectiveness is evaluated on the basis of associated outcomes.

Effectiveness of the Methods used to Monitor the Type-2 Diabetes

Most of the methods are fairly effective. Close monitoring and interaction between the provider and the patient portrays rapid changes in interventions used to manage type-2 diabetes (National Cancer Institute, n.da). Awareness and self-reliance is enhanced through support during the recovery process. Other positive effects include reduced stress and consistent recovery (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). As such, the methods are adequate if used consistently.

Recommendations to Improve the use of Informatics in Monitoring Type-2 Diabetes

  1. The informatics need to be user-based (National Cancer Institute, n.db). They should not be based on systems and technology. The main focus should not be on the technological aspects of the informatics.
  2. Cost and availability to patients should be taken into consideration.
  3. Proper care should be taken to optimize clinical effectiveness.
  4. Application of these interventions should be licensed and legally approved.


Diabetes can be managed through proper monitoring and provision of healthcare services to affected individuals. Various methods and informatics have been advanced in the health care sector. When used consistently, the interventions can help in the management of type-2 diabetes. As such, it is important to meet the requirements of the various applications and methodologies. The efficiency and effectiveness of the approach used depends on individual commitment.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Immunization information systems (IIS). Web.

Fairchild, A. (2003). Dealing with humpty dumpty: Research, practice, and the ethics of public health surveillance. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 31(4), 615-623. (2014). Health communication and health information technology. Web.

Kondratas, R. (2012). Images from the history of the public health service. Web.

Kukafka, R., & Yasnoff, W. (2007). Public health informatics. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 40(4), 365-369.

National Cancer Institute. (n.da). Information for cancer registrars. Web.

National Cancer Institute. (n.db). About the SEER program. Web.

Noble, D., Panesar, S., & Pronovost, P. (2011). A public health approach to patient safety reporting systems is urgently needed. Journal of Patient Safety, 7(2), 109-112.

North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. (2015). NAACC review. Web.

Shapiro, J., Mostashari, F., Hripcsak, G., Soulakis, N., & Kuperman, G, (2011). Using health information exchange to improve public health. American Journal of Public Health, 101(4), 616-623.

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