East Austin is a community in the state of Texas, and its lifestyles and health depend on the environment and the level of individuals’ professionalism. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the peculiarities of community health by investigating the risks of alcohol use disorder and diabetes and developing interventions for the population. Addressing observation results and the findings by Yang et al. (2018), alcohol use disorder is diagnosed in 14-29% of the population and is provoked by low cognitive control and negative emotions. Poor dietary habits and no physical activity are associated with obesity and diabetes risks among more than 13% of Americans (Davidson et al., 2021). Both health problems need specific interventions, and East Austin citizens should know how to protect their health and predict diseases following nurses’ interventions.
A Problem and a Nursing Intervention
Risk of alcohol use disorder
Rationale for Selecting the Problem
Not many people are ready to admit they have alcohol use disorder. They believe they control their drinking habits and predict serious health damage. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022) informs that excessive alcohol use, which is more than four drinks per occasion, provokes serious chronic diseases over time. Although many programs help people deal with dependence, alcohol instigates millions of lives. Risks for alcohol use disorder have to be analyzed and explained to help the population protect their health and identify threats at an early stage.
Goals and Objectives
Goal 1: To improve the community’s level of knowledge about the risks of alcohol abuse.
- Objective: To create brochures about drinking and alcohol misuse.
- Objective: To provide information about the effects of alcoholism at any age.
- Objective: To give actual information, statistics, and findings on the topic.
Goal 2: To reduce the prevalence of alcohol use disorder in the community.
- Objective: To assess the triggers of alcohol drinking.
- Objective: To examine current patients about their attitudes toward alcohol.
- Objective: To organize meetings where people can talk about their problems.
- Intervention Objectives Timeline.
Interventions and objectives
|Present Date||Objective( Number and Statement)||Anticipated Completion Date|
|Enter Date||Ex. Eighty percent (80%) of infants seen by health departments, neighborhood health centers, and private physicians will have developmental levels assessed.||Enter Date|
|1/11/22||At least 50% of the community will be provided with brochures about alcohol misuse||5/11/22|
|1/11/22||About 35% of the population will get access to open meetings where professionals talk about the risks of alcohol and mobilize personal awareness of the problem (Mathre, 2016)||13/11/22|
|1/11/22||Five billboards that contain critical numbers about the problem will be placed in different regions of the community||13/11/22|
|8/11/22||The level of evaluation and preventive services will be improved by 70%||1/12/22|
|1/11/22||Seventy percent of adults will be interviewed about their attitudes toward alcohol (Mathre, 2016)||13/11/22|
|1/11/22||Fifty percent of café/restaurant visitors will be invited to specialized meetings||13/11/22|
Plan of Intervention and Evaluation
|Date||Intervention Activities||Responsible Agency/Person||Evaluation Measures||Target Date of Completion|
|Enter||Ex. Community Health||Ex. Community||Ex. • Lay advisors will||Ex. Lay advisor|
|start||Nurse identifies and||Health Nurse||be able to verbally||training completed|
|date.||trains lay advisors in||(CHN)||describe case-finding||by|
|community as case |
|methods to CHN ||enter date of |
|cases will be tracked||completion.|
|by CHN on monthly|
|the basis for one year to|
|determine if the goal of|
|80% has been met|
|1/11/22||A community health nurse (CHN) provides research volunteers with information for brochures||CHN and two volunteers||The participants will distribute brochures to 50% of the community||Brochures are created and distributed by 13/11/22|
|1/11/22||CHN organizes a one-hour meeting for ordinary citizens to talk about alcohol effects||CHN||About 35% of the community population will get the information||The meetings are organized for two weeks by 13/11/22|
|1/11/22||CNH works with a local publishing agency to create five billboards||A local publishing agency||Five billboards will be located in the neighborhood||13/11/22|
|8/11/22||CHN participates in patient assessments||CHN||The level of assessment will be improved by 70%||The examination of services occurs in one month by 1/12/22|
|1/11/22||CHN communicates with local citizens||CHN||The opinions of 70% of the population are gathered and analyzed to prove/disprove the alcohol problem||13/11/22|
|1/11/22||Several volunteers visit local bars and invite to educational meetings||Nursing volunteers||Fifty percent of bar visitors are aware of meetings||The information will be distributed by 13/11/22|
This project focuses on preventing alcohol use disorder in a local community through education and awareness mobilization. Nurses cannot affect a person’s desire to drink, but they can create an appropriate informative background, increase involvement in healthy volunteering, and strengthen communication (Mathre, 2016). East Austin’s citizens have access to various alternatives to alcohol drinking, but open bars and restaurants on the streets make them vulnerable. Thus, the major community public health outcomes include reducing alcohol use disorders and improving knowledge about the existing risks.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Excessive alcohol use. CDC. Web.
Davidson, K. W., Barry, M. J., Mangione, C. M., Cabana, M., Caughey, A. B., Davis, E. M., Donahue, K. E., Doubeni, C. A., Krist, A. H., Kubik, M., Ogedegbe, G., Owens, D. K., Pbert, L., Silverstein, M., Stevermer, J., Tseng, C. W., & Wong, J. B. (2021). Screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes: US preventive services task force recommendation statement. JAMA, 326(8), 736-743.
Mathre, M. L. (2016). Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug problems. In M. Stanhope & J. Lancaster (Eds.), Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (9th ed., pp. 803-824). Elsevier.
Yang, P., Tao, R., He, C., Liu, S., Wang, Y., & Zhang, X. (2018). The risk factors of the alcohol use disorders – Through review of its comorbidities. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12.