Bioethics can be seen as a practical application of ethical principles. The term “bioethics” has been thrown around a lot in the last two decades to denote the inquiry and study of various methods by which medical and scientific judgments are made. Human rights, such as the right to life and health and the right and wrongness of medical advances, are all central concerns in bioethics (Agius & Zammit, 2019). More emphasis is placed on the responsibility of life and health for Bio Ethicists than in other ethics fields. Human life, the dignity of the aged, health care management, bodily integrity, and other issues are all addressed by bioethics.
Euthanasia is currently the focus of bioethical issue discussion. It is a deliberate method through which another person can take control of a specific individual’s life simply by doing or not doing something (Agius & Zammit, 2019). Death through fatal injection or deprivation of life-sustaining necessities such as food, water, and antibiotics is the most common method (Garcia, 2020). At the moment, it is being considered for use in those situations in which death is the only viable option for providing the victim with relief from the suffering and traumatic experiences they are going through. Euthanasia may be the sole option for the person in question.
I do not have a problem with the concept of conditional euthanasia. After witnessing the terrible anguish and the unbearable pain that the patients and their family members went through, I believe that euthanasia is an option that should be considered in situations where there is no prospect of rehabilitation or recovery. However, I propose that the legal acceptance of euthanasia should be subject to very stringent procedures and that these procedures should consider the approval of the closest members of the patient’s family, as well as the approval of the judicial, human rights, and medical councils.
Applied ethical principles such as moral obligation and justice can be found in bioethics. Beneficence suggests that one should do what is suitable for the individual, and justice is based on that idea. Because of this, my position is that euthanasia should be applied when the circumstances warrant it. The concept of non-maleficence states that injuring others is discouraged; hence there are some counter-arguments. Euthanasia’s proponents contend that the values of beneficence and justice outweigh the evidence for malice.
Agius, E., & Zammit, R. (2019). Contemporary issues in bioethics.
Garcia, J. L. (2020). Virtues and principles in biomedical ethics. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine (Vol. 45, No. 4-5, pp. 471-503). US: Oxford University Press.