“Higher Education, Women, and Sociocultural Change” by Parvazian

Introduction

There has been an increased rate of female participation in higher education learning since 1995 until today. In addition, the number of students in higher education has grown high all over the world (Parvazian). The main aim of this of this study was provision of a systematic and detailed analysis of the association between the expansion of women’s participation in higher education and the amendments made in the woman’s life culture at large. It is the foundation for suture structural modeling to offer a complex picture of variable interactions (Parvazian). This article is valuable because it explains the increasing equity in terms of uptake of higher learning which has been revealed more recently compared to previous years.

Parvazian et al. (2017) used standard indicators that have been identified by international organizations such as UNDP. Examples of the selected pointers used comprise GTER of Women, Rate of Marriage, Rate of Divorce, Rate of Total Fertility (Parvazian). They also comprise of Age of Women at First Marriage Wages earned by Women as a Percentage of Wages earned by Men, Percentage of Women in Parliament, and Number of Women in Professional and Managerial jobs, and Number of ladies in Labor Force Management.

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This research examined the case of nations in OECD as examples of the improved involvement of women in institutions of higher learning. These countries report the highest GTER, a feature with clear implications for first-class countries (Parvazian). Data to be analysed was collected from every indicator within four year period with reference to the initial requirements of the lager project. This was meant to ensure that significant contrast is made within different nations and time depending on the available data (Parvazian). Understanding that not all OECD countries collect data simultaneously or similarly is important.

Strengths

There are various implication of women global positioning of women that have been outlined by this article in regard to power appearing and status following their increased access to higher education. This article outlines various variables related to current changes (Parvazian). They comprise the level of fertility, the structure of the family, change in values and social norms, and improved job opportunities among the women, income, and security.

Weaknesses

The study in this article had various weaknesses. Even if, the direction of all variables in the study seemed positive, the main question always remains the level to which they are considered as most appropriate for ladies in their different societies (Parvazian). Although the study applied regression analysis to reveal the complexity level in variables, there was no method used to illustrate the bidirectional relationship between the variables and the higher level of education at any time (Parvazian). Alternatively, the study evaluated meaningful correlation between the variables and the essential aspects that outline the complexity structure and the relationship between interest related variables.

The database used in this research is limited to data that international organizations have collected for the last four decades. There is a lack of information for specific indicators in different years (Parvazian). Therefore, we acknowledge the possibility of data collection’s influence on the results of this study, but the trends still stand despite the times of data collection.

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Works Cited

Parvazian, Somayeh, Judith Gill, and Belinda Chiera. “Higher education, women, and sociocultural change: A closer look at the statistics.” Sage Open 7.2 (2017): 2158244017700230.

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