Creating an organization’s culture of evidence-based practice (EBP) is critical to attempts to provide patients with quality treatment. EBP promotes critical care nursing practice, which is essential for providing high-quality patient care. This technique entails making well-informed judgments based on data from scientific studies, expert opinions, or personal experience in health care practice. It enables health care practitioners to give high-quality treatment to their patients/clients in order to enhance their health outcomes (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015). Furthermore, several studies show that EBP helps to reduce health care expenses by reducing durations of stay and reducing occurrences of hospital-acquired illnesses. As a result, it is critical to include EBP practice in nursing practice. Following certain stages, the evidence-based practice may be implemented in the clinical setting.
The first stage is to create a corporate culture that will support the adoption of EBP. One strategy for accomplishing this is to educate health care staff members on the benefits of using evidence-based practice to complement their health care practices. Another strategy is to ensure that adequate resources, such as computers and the internet, are available to support the endeavor.
The second stage is to present a clinical issue. The questions should be in PICOT format. This sort of clinical inquiry enables you to discover the numerous components that must be taken into account while constructing a solution (Dyess et al., 2020). They contain the patient population, the interventions to be evaluated, the expected outcomes, and the time frame for determining the results. As a result, it offers a well-organized framework for gathering evidence relevant to the clinical situation.
The third phase is to form teams, as the collaborative practice is one of the most important tactics for guaranteeing EBP implementation success and performance results. It is also critical to include key participants such as professional nurses and professional development instructors on interprofessional teams. They have prior expertise in applying EBP in a clinical setting. Furthermore, they possess leadership qualities that are essential in the implementation of EBP.
The fourth phase will be to find the best evidence to answer the clinical question. Evidence may be gathered from a variety of sources. Databases like Medline, Cinahl, and PubMed, for example, give a vast range of scientific research done in the medical profession. The PICOT inquiry assists team members in locating papers related to the clinical situation. This is because it gives keywords or phrases that might aid in the discovery of relevant items in databases. The fifth phase entails evaluating crucial evidence. After obtaining the papers, the team members will review the evidence to identify which is the most relevant, valid, and pertinent to the specified clinical situation.
The evidence gathered in the sixth stage will be incorporated into the clinical environment. Following a rigorous review of the literature, the team will determine whether to put the evidence into practice. To lead the implementation process, a clear strategy and a dependable methodology are necessary. After the implementation of the EBP protocol, the seventh step will be carried out, which will entail analyzing the results. This procedure is designed to assess the efficacy of the EEBP practice. If favorable results are obtained, the requisite actions are followed to back them up. If, on the other hand, the team verifies unfavorable consequences, they should devise tactics for making suitable modifications. The final, eighth stage is used to disseminate the results. The findings can be shared through a variety of channels, including poster presentations, conferences, newsletters, journals, and general gatherings.
Dyess, S. M., Prestia, A. S., Levene, R., & Gonzalez, F. (2020). An Interdisciplinary Framework for Palliative and Hospice Education and Practice. Journal of Holistic Nursing, Web.
Melnyk, B. M. & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice (3rd ed.) Wolters Kluwer Health.