Social Media Effects on Self-Esteem

Explanation of Topic

The selected topic is the effects of social media on people’s self-esteem. Currently, using social network sites (SNSs) is one of the most popular trends. People of all ages use SNSs to communicate with each other, share their impressions and feelings, and engaging in numerous other activities.

However, many studies show that SNSs lead to social isolation. This is a major negative effect. However, there are many positive effects of SNSs, and one of the most important of them is the increase in self-esteem (Seidman, 2013). Indeed, according to the studies, the self-esteem of most people increases when they use SNSs, and the main reason for this is that they can be more open online and express themselves.

Annotated Bibliography

Andreassen, C. S., Pallesen, S., & Griffiths, M. D. (2017). The relationship between addictive use of social media, narcissism, and self-esteem: Findings from a large national survey. Addictive Behaviors, 64(1), 287-293.

The purpose of this research is to identify the influence of temporary or constant exposure to the information presented in social media on self-esteem. The first sub-division of the study, which is based on a correlational approach, demonstrates that those participants who actively use Facebook frequently have poor self-esteem. The second sub-division of the study, which is based on an experimental approach, shows that self-esteem is lower in those participants who write many positive characteristics about themselves (Andreassen, Pallesen, & Griffiths, 2017). The study relates to the project in a way that it describes the impact of SNSs on their users’ self-esteem. The results of this research will help design our project in a way that provides an understanding of people who hide behind their profiles in SNSs.

Best, P., Manktelow, R., & Taylor, B. (2014). Online communication, social media, and adolescent wellbeing: A systematic narrative review. Children and Youth Services Review, 41(1), 27-36.

The objective of this research is to identify the connection between addiction to social media, self-esteem, and narcissism. It is a cross-sectional sample of 23,000 Norwegians aging from 16 to 88 years. The results of the study show that being single, lower age, being a woman, lower-income, and being a student are associated with a lower level of narcissism and self-esteem and higher addiction to social media. This study relates to the project in a way that focuses on the connection between self-esteem and the level of addiction to SNSs (Best, Manktelow, & Taylor, 2014). The results will help our project analyze the psychology of people who use SNSs.

Seidman, G. (2013). Self-presentation and belonging on Facebook: How personality influences social media use and motivations. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(3), 402-407.

The purpose of this research is to identify both negative and positive effects of social media on young people’s self-esteem. The results of this systematic narrative review show that the most negative effect of SNSs on people is social isolation, whereas the most positive effect is increased self-esteem (Seidman, 2013). This research relates to the project in a way that it analyzes the effects of SNSs on people’s self-esteem. This study will help our project in determining what benefits for the self-esteem SNSs can bring.

Trepte, S., & Reinecke, L. (2013). The reciprocal effects of social network site use and the disposition for self-disclosure: A longitudinal study. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 1102-1112.

The objective of this research is to analyze the reciprocity of the use of SNSs and the increase of online self-esteem and the promotion of self-disclosure. In this longitudinal study, 488 participants are surveyed twice. The results demonstrate that SNSs cause online self-disclosure in almost all the users and increases their self-esteem (Trepte & Reinecke, 2013). This research relates to the project in a way that it analyzes the influence of social media on self-disclosure and self-esteem. This study is important for our project as it shows that, in general, SNSs have a positive impact on people’s self-esteem.

Vogel, E. A., Rose, J. P., Roberts, L. R., & Eckles, K. (2014). Social comparison, social media, and self-esteem. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 3(4), 206-222.

The purpose of this research is to highlight the relationship between self-representation and self-esteem and the use of SNSs, particularly Facebook. In this survey, 184 undergraduates participate. According to the results, SNSs in general and Facebook, in particular, have a positive impact on both self-representation and self-esteem. Although some participants are reluctant to openly express themselves in social media, and their self-esteem does not change, overall, the results are positive (Vogel, Rose, Roberts, & Eckles, 2014).This study relates to the project in a way that it provides a psychological analysis of the impact of SNSs on self-representation and self-esteem. This research is important to our project in a way that it shows which personalities easily change their self-esteem when using SNSs.