Begging is quite popular in the world. Begging is the systematic solicitation of money and material possessions from others. Therefore, it is informal earnings, or criminal activity, depending on state law. Thus, the issue appears to how cost-effective it is and what research methods can provide the most reliable information. Statistics are vital for this, but human factors and decisions can produce a certain percentage of mistakes. Therefore, it is necessary to measure any social phenomenon by examining the reliability and validity of the data.
Circumstances and time need to be taken into account to measure data on begging. It is necessary to consider information about a certain period and evaluate it by the requirements that existed at the moment of the study. Thus, the 1932-1933 surveys will not provide reliable reports about begging today because they have lost relevance (Adriaenssens & Hendrickx, 2011). The following essential principles of research verification are reliability and validity.
That is, it is necessary to consider the sample of correspondents from different townships and social groups. Moreover, the actual number of respondents is less important than the suitable sample. For example, the number of respondents in the 2002 survey was low but accurate because they studied active beggars and examined the data experimentally (Adriaenssens & Hendrickx, 2011). Such a study may be reliable, but only for a specific city.
Furthermore, surveys may not be valid because beggars cannot honestly indicate the amount of income because they are wary of government action. Moreover, when conducting surveys, it is necessary to form questions to ask them in a suitable order. However, details need not produce an unsatisfactory reaction from the respondents. Accordingly, surveys may not be valid because beggars cannot honestly indicate income because they are wary of government action (Clayton et al., 2011). Thus, the reluctance to answer issues due to fear of exposure affects the fidelity of the data.
Therefore, it is extremely difficult to establish reliable results because respondents do not want to disclose details of their work. There can be various reasons for this, such as using children or migrants for more income. These studies cannot cover a diverse sample of the population and apply the most relevant list of questions because beggars are not interested in announcing the correct results of the experiment. Additionally, it is necessary to conduct surveys among beggars and humans who present alms for reliable outcomes. Since a certain part of the population is guided by the principle that it is required to assist people in need (“King James Bible,” 2017).
Therefore, their contributions are large, unlike those who do not declare this principle. Thus, practical research principles cannot always be applied in practice. These investigations are faced with the fact that it is complicated to find the specified sample. If it is determined, the answers to the questions do not always correspond to actuality.
Surveys on the earnings, gender, and age of beggars do not provide complete information. To a greater extent, the problem is not in the method of conducting the poll but in fear of the respondents. In order for the state to pursue an effective policy to improve the lives of citizens and reduce the number of beggars, it is necessary to encourage their cooperation. This can be achieved through one-time assistance or the creation of new jobs for them. Therefore, in order to implement a precisely valid policy, it is necessary to first stabilize a dialogue with the poor and then conduct public opinion surveys. In this way, respondents will try to give exact answers and express a desire to participate in the poll to change their lives.
Adriaenssens, S., & Hendrickx, J. (2011). Street-level informal economic activities: Estimating the yield of begging in Brussels. Urban Studies, 48(1), 23-40.
Clayton, J., Terance, D., & Timothy, C. (2011).The mismeasure of crime. SAGE Publications.
King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible online. Web.
Bose , R. an d Hw an g, S. W. (2 002) Incom e and spending patterns among panhandlers, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 167(5), pp. 477–479.
u, H. (1999) Becoming urban: mendicancy and vagrants in modern Shanghai, Journal of Social History, 33(1), pp. 7–36.