Change Regarding Hospital Acquired Infections

The design of the suggested synthesis work deals with the problem of hospital acquired infections (STIs) and definitely the effect of hand health treatment on minimizing costs of transmittable illness of wellness setups. Based on Haque et al. (2018), HAIs are “infections which show up within two days or perhaps a lot more after a hospital stay and within 30 days of healthcare delivery” (p. 2321). Study results suggest that clinic infections are among probably the most standard damaging happenings impacting hospitalized individuals (Haque et al., 2018; Hillier, 2020). For that reason, the goal of the suggested adjustment is resolving the issue in addition to decrease the cost of health related health issues in medical devices. The suggested treatment is enhancing the hand hygiene of individuals, family as well as medical treatment experts by providing hand operated washing items at each door of the medical facility.

The issue selected for the capstone task could be found in the as well as wellness atmosphere, clinics, retirement community, i.e. hospitals, rehab centers in addition to various other health-related facilities. Health-related ailments endanger personal security and safety as well as affect public rely on medical experts and these facilities (McCalla et al., 2018). Additionally, this particular problem must be found in the context of the continuing coronavirus pandemic that spotlights the demand for greater safety measure in addition to hand hygiene (Lotfinejad et al., 2020). HAIs reduce the common excellence of medical attention, creating extra issues for doctor and physicians.

The issue of higher prices of healthcare center infections as well as risks associated with customer as well as staff security has been explored by a lot of scientists. You will find a selection of types of HAIs, consisting of cross contamination, medical site infections (STIs), catheter associated urinary structure infection (IAC), ventilator associated pneumonia (PPV), and others (Haque et al., 2018). As in the Haque et al. report (2018), the situation is particularly considerable “in emerging financial climates, with disease charges three to twenty times above in high income nations” (p. 2327). Additionally, the spread of the COVID 19 illness has really exacerbated the difficulty worldwide, showing applied threats to medical staff along with individuals. Richterman et al. (2020) history which “a sole unsuspected example of SARS-CoV-2 resulted in six large clusters [,..], with an at some point verified infection in between eighty staff members as well as thirty nine individuals, fifteen of whom passed away” (p. 2155). As is usually noticed, the problem of HAIs highlights the demand for trustworthy activity steps to assure the security as well as protection of healthcare facilities.

Yis not merely affects the security as well as protection of clients and healthcare providers, but the same contributes to economic losses in medical facilities. As pointed out by Teesing et al. (2021), healthcare facility infection rates stay to improve and also raise mortality, morbidity, wellness costs as well as length of hospital stay. Haque et al. (2018) statement that approximately 1.7 million individuals contract health related infections annually and that “more than 98,000 of those customers (one in seventeen) die” in the United States (p. 2321). second Graveto et al. (2018), HAIs in the European context “represent an extra sixteen million times of wellness facility admission [,..], 37,000 attributable fatalities as well as at the really minimum 110,000 AHI related deaths yearly” (p. 1190). Thus, the valuation of the matter is apparent due to the security as well as security risks associated with the difficulty.

Generally, the ramifications of the proposed design for nursing training are associated with the key job of registered nurses in controlling the hassle. Mynaříková et al. (2020) indicate that insufficient nursing care increases costs also the function of additional negative events in healthcare facility. A further essential variable is hand hygiene as well as nurses’ adherence to right standards. As an outcome, the suggested alternative has mounting handwashing items on each health facility door in addition to instruction people, part of the household, nurses in addition to some other medical professionals to enhance hand hygiene. This particular intervention will definitely have a good effect on nursing method, which is going to reduce healthcare facility disease rates.

Applicable Change or Nursing Theory Utilized

The concept under consideration includes the need to perform hygienic hand antiseptics at the recommended moments in the exact place where medical care is provided. This requires that the product for hygienic hand antiseptics is easily accessible and located as close as possible (at arm’s length) to the place where the patient is being cared for or the treatment procedure is carried out (Tartari et al., 2019). Hygienic products should be available at the patient’s treatment site so that there is no need to leave this area. The availability of funds for hygienic hand antiseptics is usually achieved by the fact that employees of a medical institution carry this tool with them (Kilpatrick et al., 2018). It is necessary to use wall or door dispensers. On the other hand, these can be containers attached to the patient’s bed, bedside table or mobile tables with dressing materials and medicines that are delivered to the place of medical care to the patient.

Proposed Implementation Plan with Outcome Measures

  1. Changing the system: ensuring that the necessary infrastructure is in place so that medical personnel can observe hand hygiene. This includes two important elements:
    1. access to safe running water, as well as soap and towels
    2. free access to hand hygiene antiseptics at the place of medical care.
  2. Preparation and training: Providing regular training sessions on the importance of hand hygiene and proper procedures for hygienic antiseptics and hand washing for all medical professionals.
  3. Evaluation and feedback: monitoring of hand hygiene practices and infrastructure, as well as related perceptions and knowledge among medical professionals, with a demonstration of the hand hygiene procedure and informing staff about its results.
  4. Workplace memos: prompt and reminder to medical professionals about the importance of hand hygiene and the relevant instructions and procedures for its observance.
  5. Ensuring safe conditions at the institution level: the formation of an environment and perceptions that contribute to raising awareness of patient safety issues and at the same time guarantee consideration of requests for improving hand hygiene as a priority task at all levels, including:
    1. active participation both at the institution and at the individual level
    2. awareness of the individual potential and the capacity of the institution necessary to change and
    3. improve existing practices (bringing hygienic hand antiseptics to automatism)
    4. partnership with patients.

Evidence-Based Practice and the Intervention Plan

There is a marked difference in the levels of awareness and the nature of the obstacles to the implementation of strategies to improve hand hygiene in different countries and even within the same country. Published studies indicate that the average level of hand hygiene is about 40 percent (Tartari et al., 2019). The goal is to ensure the constant growth of this indicator over a certain period of time. Each component requires the application of equally significant, concrete, and integrated efforts to achieve practical results and maintain these indicators at the appropriate level (Kilpatrick et al., 2018). Meanwhile, medical institutions in different countries of the world can achieve different levels of hand hygiene promotion. Therefore, if some components can be identified as the main ones in certain institutions that should be given priority, others may not be relevant for the rest of the medical institutions at the moment. This method encourages medical professionals to clean their hands:

  • before contact with the patient
  • before a clean or aseptic procedure
  • after a situation involving the risk of contact with biological fluids
  • after contact with the patient
  • after contact with environmental objects in the patient’s environment.

Plan for Evaluating the Proposed Nursing Intervention

In the strategy for improving hand hygiene, it is recommended to monitor and evaluate the following indicators:

  • direct monitoring of hand hygiene
  • the infrastructure of the health care unit for hand hygiene
  • the knowledge of medical workers about infections related to the provision of medical care and hand hygiene;
  • understanding by medical workers of the problem of the safety of the working environment and hand hygiene
  • consumption of soap and preparations for hygienic hand antiseptics.

Assessment of the initial condition plays a significant role at all levels of the continuous process of improving hand hygiene, but this is especially important for a medical institution where a program to improve hand hygiene is being implemented for the first time. Such an assessment is necessary in order to collect information that really reflects the existing practice of hand hygiene, the knowledge of personnel in this area and their understanding of the problem, as well as the state of the infrastructure (Ahmed et al., 2020). Repeated surveys will ensure consistency, comparison of results and quantification of progress.

Identification of Potential Barriers to Plan Implementation

The main problem may be the lack of interest on the part of the staff in taking new measures. This is reflected in the fact that this process can significantly complicate the treatment (Tartari et al., 2019). However, in reality, this aspect has no reliable confirmation. Institutions are recommended to start implementing the program in health care units where there is high motivation and interest (Ahmed et al., 2020). Moreover, there should be a high probability of a significant beneficial effect on the health of patients, which will subsequently have a positive impact on others.


Ahmed, J., Malik, F., Memon, Z. A., bin Arif, T., Ali, A., Nasim, S., Ahmad, J., & Khan, M. A. (2020). Compliance and knowledge of healthcare workers regarding hand hygiene and use of disinfectants: A study based in Karachi. Cureus, e7036.

Graveto, J.M. G. D. N., Rebola, R. I. F., Fernandes, E. A., & Costa, P. J. D. S. (2018). Hand health: Fostering by registered nurses after instruction. Brazilian Journal of Nursing, 71(3), 1189 1193.

Haque, M., Sartelli, M., McKimm, J., & Bakar, M. A. (2018). Healthcare-Associated Infections – An Overview. Authorities Infection in addition to Medication Resistance, 11, 2321-2333.

Hillier, M. D. (2020). Use a highly effective hand wellness technique to avoid and also handle illness. Nursing Norm, 35(5), 45-50.

Kilpatrick, C., Tartari, E., Gayet-Ageron, A., Storr, J., Tomczyk, S., Allegranzi, B., & Pittet, D. (2018). Global hand hygiene improvement progress: Two surveys using the WHO hand hygiene Self-Assessment framework. Journal of Hospital Infection, 100(2), 202–206.

Lotfinejad, & Pittet, A., Peters, N., D. (2020). Hand hygiene along with the novel coronavirus pandemic: the job of overall health experts. The Hospital Infection Journal, 105(4), 776-777.

McCalla, McMahon, D., McSpedon-Rai, R., Thomas, M., Reilly, S., L. A., & Palumbo, M. (2018). An instant hand wellness compliance device is connected to lower rates of healthcare associated infection. American Journal of Infection Control, 46(12), 1381-1386.

Mynaříková, E., Jarošová, D., Janíková, E., Plevová, I., Polanská, A., & Zeleníková, R. (2020). Incident of Hospital Infections in connection with Missed Out On Nursing: A Testimonial of the Literary works. Main European Journal of Nursing, 11(1), 43-49. .

Richterman, Meyerowitz, A., E. A., & Cevik, M. (2020). Sars-COV-2 infection fallen with healthcare facility: instruction for public health. JAMA, 324(21), 2155-2156.

Tartari, E., Fankhauser, C., Masson-Roy, S., Márquez-Villarreal, H., Fernández Moreno, I., Rodriguez Navas, M. L., Sarabia, O., Bellissimo-Rodrigues, F., Hernández-de Mezerville, M., Lee, Y. F., Aelami, M. H., Mehtar, S., Agostinho, A., Camilleri, L., Allegranzi, B., Pires, D., & Pittet, D. (2019). Train-the-Trainers in hand hygiene: A standardized approach to guide education in infection prevention and control. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 8(1), 1–11.

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