Infant Mortality in Mexico

Certain regions in Mexico are distinct from others with their increased rates of infant mortality. Specifically, those regions are mostly populated by the indigenous community and include Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas. Mexico’s local people continue to experience discrimination and receive lower health coverage and less access to vital services such as education. All these factors create predominant poverty among these Mexican citizens, subsequently raising the rates of infant death. This discussion will further elaborate on the reasons that cause these fatal occurrences among indigenous Mexicans.

To better comprehend the situation of child death in Mexico, it is essential to review the latest statistics regarding this trend. The overall child mortality rate in Mexico indicates 12,2 deaths per 1,000 live births overall; though, 23 deaths among children in the native community (Gamlin & Osrin, 2018). This global country indicator is higher than in most European countries; however, significantly lower compared to the African regions. When talking about native people, the child death rate demonstrates a much worse outcome, allowing us to conclude that vital services’ delivery is divided unevenly between the citizens.

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The issue of inequality and discrimination toward indigenous people in Mexico provokes various significant problems within the community, one of the most detrimental being an increase in infant fatality. Multiple research has confirmed a global tendency for worse health outcomes among native residents than non-natives globally within the same nation (Gamlin & Osrin, 2018). Such a trend in Mexico may be explained by the fact that the state’s government persistently avoids protecting the indigenous population and providing them with proper services. Most regions with native citizens are isolated from civilization, and such an arrangement puts them in danger of not receiving adequate healthcare, which results in increased infant mortality.

To conclude, the high statistics of child death among Mexico’s native regions are connected to various factors. The government, however, harms the community the most by ignoring the modernization of the specific states and isolated villages, where the prevalence of this population inhabits. The Mexican administration ignores poor healthcare delivery and complete isolation from access to decent help, which increases infant mortality, which is twice higher than in urban areas.

References

Gamlin, J., & Osrin, D. (2018). Preventable infant deaths, lone births and lack of registration in Mexican indigenous communities: health care services and the afterlife of colonialism. Ethnicity & Health, 25(7), 925–939.

Mexico. (2017). Healthy Newborn Network.

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Mexico: Infant mortality rate. (2020). Statista.

National Institute of State Geography (INEGI). (n.d.). Datos. En.Www.Inegi.org.Mx. Web.

PAHO. (2017). Mexico. Pan American Health Organization. Web.

UNICEF. (2019). Mexico (MEX) – Demographics, Health & Infant Mortality. UNICEF DATA.

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