The nursing competence usually includes five professional development stages: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. These professional steps are calculated according to the academic years in nursing schools. Successful nursing practices for all students cover such factors as client-oriented care, interdisciplinary collaboration, evidence-based practice, quality improvement, informatics, safety, client education, professionalism, leadership, and priority settings. All mentioned factors are represented in the peer-reviewed scientific sources on the nursing topics.
The most crucial nursing practical experience criterion is client-oriented care. This practice includes maintaining the physiological, psychological, spiritual, and sociological health of the patients. Clients may be represented both by an individual and by the family or group of people. The central aims of client-oriented care are to provide a high level of patients satisfaction and implement the cost-effective usage of physical and financial resources.
The next factor is an interdisciplinary collaboration that requires particular professionals’ employment: nurses, physicians, nurse assistants, case managers, social workers, various therapists (speech, respiratory), nutritionists, pharmacists, and psychologists. The interdisciplinary collaboration includes the proficient team management process within the medical organization. To provide good patient-oriented services teach a member of the team should have a unique role. For example, nurses are responsible for gaining client-related information. Thus, the nurses should respect the team members’ roles, use effective communication techniques, and serve as clients’ advocates.
Essential during students’ clinical practices, evidence-based practice contributes to using current knowledge from credible sources when making clinical judgments. Students are responsible for addressing peer-reviewed resources to make care-related recommendations for the clients. Another vital factor of successful nursing practices is quality improvement. This term includes evidence-based nurses’ education and the organizational process developments. For example, identifying the facility and client-oriented issues is essential for total medical quality improvement. Informatics in nursing practices is a helpful data-gathering tool that supports clinical decisions. Such technologies as electronic health record systems contribute to alleviating the nurses’ work, thereby increasing the medical services’ quality.
The patients’ safety is another essential to consider factor during the students’ practices. Medication errors and incorrectly performed procedures can significantly increase the risk of the clients’ injures and decrease safety. During practices, students are responsible for applying the national patient safety concepts aimed at medication, infections elimination, and accuracy of patient identification improvements.
Clients’ education is another factor that contributes to successful nursing practices. The provision of health-related education includes three domains of learning: cognitive, affective, psychomotor. There are also learning barriers such as low literacy level and lack of motivation which nurses should overcome. Another nurses’ feature is professionalism which includes ethical standards compliance and taking responsibility for the client-oriented actions.
Leadership is an essential skill for nurses because they direct and influence the clients and team members in the provision of individualized care. Even the level of client education primarily depends on the nurses’ communication and persuasive skills, honesty, and energy. During the practices, both beginner and advanced students will coordinate the care activities, modify care plans, and provide clients’ education. The last necessary for the nursing practices skill is the priority setting. It is defined as an ability to use nursing judgment when making decisions in clients’ ranking. In order to establish priorities correctly, students can gain necessary data as shift reports, documents review, clients’ assessment data, and communication with colleagues and clients. The nurses also should address the risks and survival potential of the patients when setting priorities.