Information and knowledge are valuable and powerful aspects that govern all spheres of human life. In particular, they are the foundations of the functioning of such areas as medicine and health education. Evidence-based knowledge helps to form various practices for providing more effective medical care or developing an implementation strategy. In addition, they can significantly improve the process of training future specialists and conducting scientific research. Thus, this literature review attempts to prove the value and importance of evidence-based knowledge by studying scientific sources.
First of all, it is worth considering the background, which justifies this analysis of scientific sources. Thus, the evidence-based concept has become widespread in modern medical and scientific fields. The main reason is that the knowledge and information on which it is based have evidence that was obtained during the research. In other words, in the field of nursing, this type of data provides a base for extracting the most effective methods of assistance and predicting possible consequences and outcomes. Thus, the significance of this scientific work is that it will provide a justification for the fact that evidence-based knowledge and practices should be constantly promoted in institutions due to their positive impact on the results of the activities of medical specialists. As a search strategy, the study of online sources for articles by keywords was chosen. Among the main ones, “evidence-based,” “knowledge,” “research,” “evidence-based practice,” and “nursing” were used. The summary of search results contributed to the proof of the thesis that the promotion of the evidence-based concept has only a positive impact on the twig of healthcare professionals.
Hence, then it is necessary to start discussing the information obtained during the research of scientific literature. One of the sources defined evidence-based practice as “integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research” (Diery et al., 2020, p. 62). AbuRuz et al. (2017) state that “the importance of EBP has been shown as a reason behind 28% of improvement in patient outcomes when clinical care was based on evidence rather than traditional practices” (p. 1). Thus, the statements show the need to interact and take into account not only the personal practice of a doctor and a nurse but also the importance of the interaction of personal experience and clinically sound and proven data.
One of the main advantages that were identified during the study of the concept was a significant improvement in the quality of care and nursing services. This concept has its history relatively recently since it became widespread only in the eighteenth century (Mackey & Bassendowski, 2017). Moreover, this article, in addition to explaining the history of this concept, suggests that it will contribute to improving discipline to minimize the theory-to-practice gap. However, it is worth noting that it is pretty challenging to obtain a sufficient amount of information based on evidence and facts. Often, this is due to the fact that the company has an insufficient number of employees who can correctly interpret information and process it quickly.
In particular, the importance of the concepts of the phenomenon under study in nursing leadership is noted. This is emphasized by the fact that this area is still insufficiently studied, which requires expanded research (Bianchi et al., 2020). The use of evidence-based practice helps to determine the most productive team management strategies, especially aspects such as anticipating possible consequences from implementation. An obvious problem is resistance on the part of some specialists. This aspect implies the introduction of specialized training in the workplace that will help to understand the effectiveness of this type of work with other people.
Regarding the process of education, this concept also has fairly extensive coverage in the field of scientific literature. Thus, during the training of future specialists, the teacher of this kind of team introduction gets mixed up with what is being done in personal and working life. The most crucial role in the introduction of this phenomenon is vital to consider the educator directly. In order to understand evidence-based information, a teacher needs education, understanding, a confident attitude, perceived challenges, and uses.
Further, evidence-based practice is given great importance to how it is used by nursing specialists in their practice. All this directly depends on a specific interpersonal relationship between people. To study this aspect, a green wedding is used. This aspect of the work is an epiphany for him, and the young man gains an understanding of what he should do with his former love interest. One of the sources considered information that is using phones as a source of knowledge, we forget about our success at work (Sibley et al., 2022). The source examines some weaknesses in more detail, while the difference from other areas is also closely related to nursing.
To add an argument for the fact that the reasoning on the topic of evidence-based and its importance for both the daily and working spheres of activity. To develop the skill of researching new information that was obtained during medical experiments, an important position of qualitative research was given.
Therefore, it is noted that “qualitative research encompasses the ability to study significant problems of practice, engage with practitioners in the conduct of research studies, learn and change processes during a study” (Kozleski, 2017, p 19). Another advantage highlighted in this scientific source is increased memorability, which is also a justification for using a qualitative rather than quantitative method. For an even more successful and smooth implementation of the evidence-based approach into medical practices, it is important to further study it.
Most of the sources focused on the interaction between nurses and other health care practitioners and evidence-based practice. The value of the article was that it emphasized the “acquisition of evidence-based practice skills and adoption of interventions and abandonment of ingrained practices” (Nilsen et al., 2017, p. 194). In addition, Nilsen et al. (2017) were of particular value as a scientific article because they provided two ways to combat the problem of spreading evidence-based practice and the background of specialists. The healthcare sector needs support, which leads to a rational and thorough study of any topic that concerns it as an alternative, which will help to smooth out the corners since, in their analysis, Nilsen et al. (2017) mentions a gradual shift from slower to faster and more efficient behaviors and activity outcomes. Thus, it can be concluded that people who participate in the team can help promote evidence-based knowledge and innovation.
Thus, the following interesting aspect highlighted in the literature study was the formation of a link between evidence-based practice and nursing research. The central conflict was that for the second, it is important to study data to gain new knowledge. The evidence-based approach can help to bring the best and most well-founded evidence as a basis of nursing practice (Chien, 2019; LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2017). Based on this knowledge and information, a more prosperous and effective research paper can be written. This is due to the fact that each proof-based knowledge has an implementation that will help determine the scope of activity for a deeper analysis.
Further, evidence-based research and knowledge have a rather complex structure and are crucially important for any nursing. As already mentioned, medical organizations face “one of the most important barriers to implementing evidence-based practice is knowledge deficit” (AbuRuz et al., 2017). Little possible negative consequences may be more detailed and thoughtful training of personnel and preparation for various kinds of changes in the strategy and work plan (Camargo et al., 2017). It is necessary to gain an understanding that practices based on the knowledge of reliable sources cannot make mistakes or provide data or information that does not carry any materiality.
Therefore, this work aimed to study the impact of evidence-based practices and processes on nursing. After studying and selecting several sources, several important conclusions were made. First of all, to ensure that the concept under study is taken into account in practice, it is crucial to have a certain level of training. Moreover, qualitative methods of conducting scientific research will help to conduct further studies of the importance of the phenomenon under study for medicine. The main one is that evidence-based knowledge contributes to improving the quality of work of medical specialists and increasing patient satisfaction.
AbuRuz, M. E., Hayeah, H. A., Al-Dweik, G., & Al-Akash, H. Y. (2017). Knowledge, attitudes, and practice about evidence-based practice: a Jordanian study. Health Science Journal, 11(2).
Bianchi, M., Bagnasco, A., Bressan, V., Barisone, M., Timmins, F., Rossi, S., Pellegrini, R., Giuseppe, A., & Sasso, L. (2018). A review of the role of nurse leadership in promoting and sustaining evidence‐based practice. Journal of Nursing Management, 26(8), 918-932.
Camargo, F. C., Iwamoto, H. H., Galvão, C. M., Pereira, G. D. A., Andrade, R. B., & Masso, G. C. (2018). Competences and barriers for the evidence-based practice in nursing: an integrative review. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 71, 2030-2038.
Chien, L. Y. (2019). Evidence-based practice and nursing research. The Journal of Nursing Research, 27(4), e29.
Diery, A., Vogel, F., Knogler, M., & Seidel, T. (2020). Evidence-based practice in higher education: Teacher educators’ attitudes, challenges, and uses. Frontiers in Education, 5, p. 62.
Kozleski, E. B. (2017). The uses of qualitative research: Powerful methods to inform evidence-based practice in education. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 42(1), 19-32.
LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2017). Nursing research-e-book: methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Mackey, A., & Bassendowski, S. (2017). The history of evidence-based practice in nursing education and practice. Journal of Professional Nursing, 33(1), 51-55.
Nilsen, P., Neher, M., Ellström, P. E., & Gardner, B. (2017). Implementation of evidence‐based practice from a learning perspective. Worldviews on Evidence‐Based Nursing, 14(3), 192-199.
Sibley, M. H., Ortiz, M., Rios-Davis, A., Zulauf-McCurdy, C. A., Graziano, P. A., & Bickman, L. (2022). Stakeholder-generated implementation strategies to promote evidence-based ADHD treatment in community mental health. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 49(1), 44-58.