Rickets: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Rickets is a bone illness that is usually associated with calcium and vitamin D insufficiencies. Primarily, the disease may be provoked by vitamin D deficiency, which is responsible for calcium-phosphorous exchange and genetic causes (Carpenter et al.). In addition, the illness affects and mutates genes, making the treatment more complicated (Acar et al. 2). Rickets is usually widespread among newborn children and influences the expected growth of the child. Adult people are also subject to this disease, so the importance of sufficient application of nutrients should not be ignored.

Rickets impact bones and cartilages in the body; they become soft and easy to damage. The patient with rickets feels pain in almost all bones. Calcium is essential for bones, and its deficiency may destroy the skeleton. The body becomes curved and unsymmetrical as bones take inadequate shapes. The continuous deficit of calcium, vitamin D, and other microelements important for bones, is the principal cause of the disease. However, the nutritional type of rickets is treatable and assumes taking essential elements for a certain period (Chanchlani et al. 3). Other types of rickets suggest constant monitoring and undergoing drug therapies to slow down the disease’s growth. The prognosis is usually positive for children if appropriately treated after the doctor’s examination and precise diagnosis. Rickets is a disease that should be constantly controlled and evaluated. Prevention is also important and includes receiving adequate doses of calcium and vitamin D with food and in the sun, as vitamin D is synthesized under the influence of sun rays.

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Overall, rickets can be treated and prevented in almost any patient’s case. It is essential to trace the level of microelements in the organism to avoid the illness. As the main reason for rickets is vitamin D and calcium insufficiency, it is crucial to monitor the adequacy of these elements. Moreover, the disease can be treated by taking special dietary supplements or going through specific therapies.

Works Cited

Acar, Sezer, et al. “Genetic Causes of Rickets.” Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, 2018, pp. 88–105. Crossref, Web.

Carpenter, Thomas O., et al. “Rickets.” Nature Reviews Disease Primers, vol. 3, no. 1, 2017. Crossref, Web.

Chanchlani, Rahul, et al. “An Overview of Rickets in Children.” Kidney International Reports, vol. 5, no. 7, 2020, pp. 980–90. Crossref, Web.

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