Sexual Act and Its Consequences: Bioethical Analysis

Name and explain the levels of human sexual intercourse

There are four levels of both men’s and women’s sexual intercourse. Firstly, excitement is the beginning phase when people’s skin becomes red, especially on the back and on the chest. Some muscles experience tension increases. Thereafter, during the second level, plateau, some of the previous symptoms might be experienced with higher intensity (Todd, 2020). During the third stage: orgasm, there are some muscles, and sexual organ contractions occur. Finally, while the climax is over, returning the body to the typical rhythm named resolution. Usually, people feel fatigued; women can continue the sexual process, but men need a refractory period to return to the standard functionality.

Difference between reproduction and procreation

Reproduction is the one-time act of creating a child, but procreation is the sophisticated process of giving birth.

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What are the two dimensions of intimacy?

The two significant dimensions of intimacy are emotional intimacy and sexual intimacy (Naddaf et al., 2017). First depends on the emotions, feelings, and personal ability to share them. The other one is concentrated on sharing physical attachment not only during sex but also in everyday life.


What is it?

Contraception is avoiding pregnancy by keeping the contracept on the men’s reproductive organ, which helps to separate the women’s egg and men’s sperm (NHS).

What is the intention of contraception?

The main intention of contraception stands for avoiding unintended pregnancy. However, all people should use contraceptives to avoid being HIV positive because the sexual act is the most effective way to become such a person.

Describe the three types of artificial contraception

The first type of artificial contraception is an emergency pill used after a real sexual act without any contraception. It helps to prevent women from pregnancy. It should be taken not later than five days after such a sexual act. Secondly, there is an oral contraceptive pill that is to be taken daily by women. Thirdly, the contraceptive ring is the third artificial method of contraception (Queensland Health). A special ring is put on the vagina, and the essential role of it starts processing. It works similarly to oral contraceptives.

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Risks / Side effects

The risk and side effects of the first method are the possible delays of the following periods and a high amount of harm to women’s hormonal structure. Secondly, the risk of using oral contraceptives is that if taken inappropriately, the pregnancy may occur despite all the procedures. It can be allergic for those who cannot take estrogen contraception. The main drawback of using a contraceptive ring is that if forgetting to take it at the right time, the effect will be lost, and there will be a risk of pregnancy. The side effect is discomfort in the intimate zone.

Bioethical analysis and unfair dynamics of artificial contraception

Biologically, women are negatively affected by all the pills that destroy the natural self-ecosystem. The dynamic of contraception is rising due to the wealth and education levels increase so that women do not want to stop working or give birth to children early.

Non-Therapeutic sterilization; bioethical analysis

Sterilization is the process of destroying the woman’s reproductive system, which results in the absence of risk of becoming pregnant. Biologically, sterilization may ruin some hormone-productiveness and change the hormonal structure, which relates to a high risk of being negatively affected by physical appearance and mental health. Thereafter, it is strongly forbidden ethically because it neglects the main essence of women’s life for many past years: to give birth to children.

Principle of double effect; explain

The double effect principle stands for the notion that if some actions are reasonable morally, but may cause some adverse effects, then it is acceptable from the ethical side to continue the process regarding that there must be no bad intentions.

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Bioethical analysis of

Ectopic pregnancy

From the biological side, the extrauterine pregnancy is dangerous due to the risks of death in emergency cases. However, it is even great to intervene in such situations from an ethical standpoint because letting a person die medically is a much more severe sin than giving them a chance to continue living.

The cancerous reproductive system with pregnancy

Biologically, it is rare to have cancer during pregnancy, but it will usually not affect the overall cancer diagnosis if it occurs. However, it may negatively affect the future child’s life due to the X-rays during the treatment. From the ethical side, it is a great dilemma whether to refuse any treatment from cancer to give birth to a healthy child or try to save a woman’s own life.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)


The whole process is firmly tightened with laboratory studies so that people should be ready to wait in the clinic for the results. IVF is a procedure complex applied to develop a woman’s fertility and prevent genetic issues during the child’s growth. The process involves egg retrieval from ovaries. Thereafter, they are synthetically fertilized with the help of man’s sperm in a laboratory. After that, the fertilized eggs are returned to the woman’s body.

Bioethical analysis of IVF

It is an unwilled but necessary procedure when the woman cannot become pregnant naturally from the biological perspective. From the ethical side, it is ambiguous because it is an unnatural process. However, if the woman wants a baby and nature did not help her, it is an excellent way to achieve the life goal of giving birth to a child.

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Bioethical analysis of “to have a child.”

Firstly, from the biological perspective, bringing a child is a traditional way to live in society throughout history. From the ethical standpoint, it is crucial to give birth to at least one child throughout life because every religion insists on creating a nuclear family consisting of parents and children.

Read and summarize ERD paragraphs #: 40, 41, 42, 48, 52, 53

In the Catholic religion, most artificial intervention in the sphere of pregnancy is forbidden (USCCB, 2018). Even if some of the intervention methods are approved, the religion strongly prohibits any artificial intervention or help.


Naddaf, S., & Heidari, A. (2017). The Relationship Between Marital Intimacy and Quality of Life. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 8(4), 63–65.

NHS. (2019). What is contraception? Nhs.Uk. Web.

Queensland Health. (2019). 9 types of contraception you can use to prevent pregnancy. Web.

Todd, N. (2002). The Sexual Response Cycle. WebMD. Web.

USCCB (2018). Ethical and religious directives for Catholic health care services (6th ed., Vol. 1). America Press.

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